Do you know all about Australia’s Cities, States and Territories?

Australia is often referred to as the “Land Down Under.”  Its a big country, but do you know about Australia’s Cities, States and Territories?

A country, an island and a continent, Australia is the world’s smallest continent and the sixth-largest country.   Australia is made up of 6 states, 2 territories and 9 external territories.

Australian cities, states & territories

Australian Capital Territory – the Nations Capital

The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is home to the national capital of Canberra and is the centre of the Australian government.

The Australian Capital Territory is located south-west of Sydney, and is home to a number of important national institutions including Parliament House, the Australian War Memorial and the National Gallery of Australia.

New South Wales – the Premier State

New South Wales (NSW) is Australia’s oldest and most populated state. New South Wales was originally settled as a penal colony in 1788.

Sydney is the largest city in New South Wales, renowned for its idyllic beaches, the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the Sydney Opera House. Visit other popular attractions in New South Wales including the Blue Mountains, the Hunter Valley wine region or Byron Bay.

Northern Territory – Outback Australia

At the top end of Australia lies the Northern Territory (NT). Darwin, on the northern coast, is the capital, and Alice Springs is the largest town in Central Australia.

Alice Springs is the physical heart of Australia, almost exactly at the nation’s geographical centre. The Northern Territory is home to the National icons of Uluru (Ayers Rock)and Kata Tjuta (the Olgas).  In the north you will find the stunning Katherine Gorge and Kakadu National Park.

Queensland – the Sunshine State

Queensland (QLD) has long been known as the Sunshine State as it enjoys more winter sunshine and warmth than any other capital cities in Australia.  Brisbane is the state’s capital, a stunning city, and famous for its amazing climate.

Its the stepping stone to the Great Barrier Reef, beautiful tropical islands and ancient rainforests.  Queensland has it all!

South Australia – the Festival State

South Australia (SA) is centre of the southern part of Australia covering some of the most arid parts of the country.

The capital is Adelaide and is a great base for exploring the nearby BarossaClare Valley and McLarin Vale wineries, the Flinders Ranges and Kangaroo Island.  South Australia has a thriving arts and cycling culture and and is known as the ‘Festival State’ hosting over 500 events and festivals each year.

Tasmania – the Apple Isle

Tasmania (TAS) is is an island separated from mainland Australia by the Bass Strait.

The capital, Hobart, was founded in 1804 as a penal colony, and is Australia’s second oldest capital city after Sydney.  One-fifth of Tasmania is covered by national parks and wilderness.  Visit Cradle Mountain and the Franklin River to find some of the best walking trails in Australia.

Victoria – the Garden State

Victoria (VIC) is the smallest of the mainland states but is home to the country’s second most populated city, Melbourne.

Often referred to as the nation’s cultural capital, Melbourne is famed for its graffiti laneways, fashion houses and its popular coffee culture.  Victorians are sporting fanatics!  Known as home to the Melbourne Cup, the race that stops the nation, the Melbourne Cricket Grounds and place where Australian Rules Football began.

Western Australia – the Wildflower State

Western Australia (WA) is Australia’s largest Australian state.  The state’s capital is Perth and famed for its uncrowded beaches, beautiful parklands and fresh seafood.

Western Australia has some incredible sights including Lake Hillier, the Pinnacles and Wave Rock.  Visit the Margaret River wine region, swim with the dolphins at Monkey Mia or take a camel ride on Cable Beach in Broome.

The External Territories

There are a number of external territories under the administration of Australia.

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands
  • Christmas Island
  • the Cocos (or Keeling) Islands
  • the Coral Sea Islands
  • Heard and McDonald Islands
  • Norfolk Island
  • Australian Antarctic Territory

Have you been to all these Australian cities, States and Territories yet?