What do you know about the Cities, States and Territories of Australia?

Australia is often referred to as the “Land Down Under”  but what do you really know about the Cities, States and Territories of Australia?

We are a country, an island and a continent, Australia is the world’s smallest continent and the sixth-largest country and made up of 6 states, 2 territories and 9 external territories.  


To put it in perspective

Australia is the world’s largest island, but also the smallest continent.  Our population is just under 24 million and most of us live somewhere around the coast.

Australia is often called ‘the lucky country’ and we seem to intrigue people right around the world.

Most travellers are familiar with Sydney and Melbourne, but did you realise there is so much more?

I’m sure you know about our beautiful white sandy beaches, our Great Barrier Reef, our Koalas and Kangaroos and of course, the great Australian outback – but did you know we have some of the best snowfields in the world?

There really is so much to see and do in Australia, the real question is
“what will you do first”?

The Cities, States and Territories of Australia

Australian Capital Territory – the Nations’ Capital

Canberra - Australia's Capital

The national capital is Canberra, and the centre of our government.

Canberra is noted for a number of important national institutions including Parliament House, the Australian War Memorial and the National Gallery of Australia.  In spring, Canberra hosts one of the most magnificent floral festivals in Australia – the Floriade.

New South Wales – the Premier State

Sydney Australia

New South Wales (NSW) is Australia’s oldest and most populated state and originally settled as a penal colony in 1788 by England.

Sydney is the largest city in New South Wales, renowned for its idyllic beaches, the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the Sydney Opera House. Visit other popular attractions in New South Wales including the Blue Mountains, the Hunter Valley wine region or Byron Bay.

Read Next:  Guide to Sydney

Northern Territory – Outback Australia

Uluru Ayers Rock Australia

At the top end of Australia lies the Northern Territory (NT). Darwin, on the northern coast, is the capital and the gateway to a number of Australian icons and National Parks.  It’s here you will find Kakadu in Arnhem Land, Litchfield Park and Katherine Gorge.

Alice Springs is the physical heart of Australia, almost exactly at the nation’s geographical centre.   Travel to Alice Springs to visit Uluru (Ayers Rock)and Kata Tjuta (the Olgas) showcasing the Aboriginal heritage and culture.

Read next: The best Aussie road trip – Darwin to Adelaide

Queensland – the Sunshine State

Southbank water fun

Queensland (QLD) has long been known as the Sunshine State as it enjoys more winter sunshine and warmth than any other capital cities in Australia.  Brisbane is the state’s capital and enjoys more winter sunshine and warmth than most Australian cities.  As the locals say – Beautiful one day, perfect the next!

Pristine rainforest, the world famous Great Barrier Reef and over 900 beautiful tropical islands including World Heritage-listed Fraser Island are key destinations for visitors.  Queensland has it all!

Read next:  Guide to Brisbane – Queensland’s Sunshine State

South Australia – the Festival State


South Australia (SA) is centre of the southern part of Australia.

Adelaide the capital of South Australia is noted for its Mediterranean style climate and is a great base for exploring the nearby BarossaClare Valley and McLaren Vale wineries, the Flinders Ranges and Kangaroo Island.  South Australia has a thriving arts and cycling culture and and is known as the ‘Festival State’ hosting over 500 events and festivals each year.

Read next:  Guide to Cosmopolitan Adelaide

Tasmania – the Apple Isle

TasmaniaTasmania (TAS) is the smallest state in Australia, an island separated from mainland Australia by the Bass Strait.

The capital, Hobart, was founded in 1804 as a penal colony, and is Australia’s second oldest capital city after Sydney.  One-fifth of Tasmania is covered by national parks and wilderness.  Visit Cradle Mountain and the Franklin River to find some of the best walking trails in Australia, enjoy its spectacular scenery, beautiful cheese & wines.

Read next:  Showcasing Hobart’s Convict Heritage

Victoria – the Garden State

Melbourne city

Victoria (VIC) is the smallest of the mainland states but is home to the country’s second most populated city, Melbourne.

Often referred to as the nation’s cultural capital, Melbourne is famed for its graffiti laneways, fashion houses and its popular coffee culture.

Victorians are sporting fanatics!  Known as home to the Melbourne Cup, the horse race that stops the nation, the Melbourne Cricket Grounds and the place where Australian Rules Football began.

Read next:  Multicultural Melbourne

Western Australia – the Wildflower State

Perth - Western AustraliaWestern Australia (WA) is Australia’s largest Australian state.  The state’s capital is Perth and famed for its uncrowded beaches, beautiful parklands and fresh seafood.

With over 13,000 kilometres of pristine coastline, you must visit! Western Australia has some incredible sights including Lake Hillier, the Pinnacles and Wave Rock.  Visit the Margaret River wine region, swim with the dolphins at Monkey Mia or take a camel ride on Cable Beach in Broome.

The External Territories

There are a number of external territories under the administration of Australia – some open to visitors with regular flights and accommodation available.

Are you considering a trip to Australia?

We’re a big country and we love showing off our Australia.   You’ve heard the saying ‘But Wait There’s More …” ?

There really is so much to see in Australia, so let us help you plan your itinerary and experience of some of our favourite places.

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Cities, States and Territories of Australia
What do you know about Australia’s Cities, States and Territories?

Have you been to all these Cities, States and Territories in Australia yet?  Is there somewhere you’ve always wanted to go?  Do you have any questions you need answering?  Drop me a note below … perhaps I can help.